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For simplification, we have listed the most common materials found in a typical home setting.
Use of Fire Extinguisher
It is important to know that the very first rule of fire fighting is that at any point of time if you feel that it is too dangerous, run.
How to use a fire extinguisher
P - Pull the safety Pin
A - Aim at the base of the fire
S - Squeeze the lever
S - Sweep from side to side
Where to put a fire extinguisher
The fire extinguisher should be placed at an easily accessible and noticeable location. This can be the living room, next to the entrance of the kitchen. Placing it in the storeroom will make it difficult to find and reach when a fire happens.
Class A fires represent combustible materials such as wood, fabric, paper and refuse. This is the most common fire hazard in our home.
Class B fires represent flammable liquids such as paints, petrol and thinner.
Class C fires represent flammable gases such as your LPG gas tank used for cooking. In Singapore, you will not see a Class C logo on the fire extinguishers. This is because SCDF has determined that the correct way to fight a gas fire is to first shut off the gas. The remaining, secondary fire is usually Class A or B.
In Singapore, you will not see an electric logo on the fire extinguishers. Having said that, all our Dry Powder extinguishers have been tested to fight electric fires up to 1000v at a distance of 5m. The correct way to fight an electric fire is to first turn off the electricity. The remaining, secondary fire is usually Class A or B.